Author Posts

August 8, 2018 at 8:01 pm

Hello, I'm a PS beginner!  I'm trying to create a report and I want to filter out the results so I only get back certain companies (i.e. Company like "*Paul*").  When I try adding a -Filter to the Get-AdUser statement, it errors out  with

Get-ADUser : Parameter set cannot be resolved using the specified named parameters.
At C:\Work\test.ps1:10 char:34
+ ... tNames | % {Get-ADUser -Filter {Company -like "*Paul*"} -Identity $_.s ...
+                 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo          : InvalidArgument: (:) [Get-ADUser], ParameterBindingException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : AmbiguousParameterSet,Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.Commands.GetADUser

$Details = $sAMAccountNames | % {Get-ADUser -Filter {Company -like "*Paul*"} -Identity $_.sAMAccountName -Properties DisplayName, LastlogonDate, Enabled, AccountLockoutTime, LastBadPasswordAttempt, BadPwdCount, LockedOut, Company, Description}

Here is my working code, but without the filter.

$LockedRpt = "c:\work\LockedAccounts.csv"
# delete the existing output file
$exists = Test-Path $LockedRpt
If ($exists -like "True")
{
Remove-Item $LockedRpt
}
Import-module ActiveDirectory -ErrorAction stop
$sAMAccountNames = Search-ADAccount -UsersOnly -LockedOut | Select SamAccountName
$Details = $sAMAccountNames | % {Get-ADUser -Identity $_.sAMAccountName -Properties DisplayName, LastlogonDate, Enabled, AccountLockoutTime, LastBadPasswordAttempt, BadPwdCount, LockedOut, Company, Description}
$Details | Select SamAccountName, DisplayName, LastlogonDate, Enabled, AccountLockoutTime, LastBadPasswordAttempt, BadPwdCount, LockedOut, Company, Description | Export-Csv c:\work\LockedAccounts.csv -NoTypeInformation

Thanks for any help!

August 8, 2018 at 8:31 pm

You can't use both -Identity and -Filter at the same time. The online docs (https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/module/addsadministration/get-aduser?view=win10-ps) have multiple "blocks" or parameter sets, and you can't mix and match parameters between them.

August 8, 2018 at 8:43 pm

Is there a way to filter the results after the fact?  On the select

$Details | Select SamAccountName, DisplayName, LastlogonDate, Enabled, AccountLockoutTime, LastBadPasswordAttempt, BadPwdCount, LockedOut, Company, Description | Export-Csv c:\work\LockedAccounts.csv -NoTypeInformation

August 8, 2018 at 8:51 pm

You'd use Where-Object, not Select-Object.

August 9, 2018 at 12:14 am

One of the fundamental things about learning Powershell is the pipeline and how it works. The pipeline allows you to pass objects to another command.  If you run the following command to get help:

Get-Help Get-ADUser -Full

You'll see that -Identity accepts an ADUser and more importantly, pipeline input:

    -Identity 
        
        Required?                    true
        Position?                    0
        Accept pipeline input?       true (ByValue)
        Parameter set name           Identity
        Aliases                      None
        Dynamic?                     true

This basically means that if you pipe ADUser objects to Get-ADUser, it will automatically do a for loop for you. You'll learn more about this when you start writing functions. This means that we can pipe directly from Search-ADAccount to Get-ADUser. Take a look at the modified script below:

$LockedRpt = "c:\work\LockedAccounts.csv"

If (Test-Path -Path $LockedRpt){
    Remove-Item -Path $LockedRpt -Force
}

Import-module ActiveDirectory -ErrorAction stop

$Details = Search-ADAccount -UsersOnly -LockedOut | 
           Get-ADUser -Properties DisplayName, 
                                  LastlogonDate, 
                                  Enabled, 
                                  AccountLockoutTime, 
                                  LastBadPasswordAttempt, 
                                  BadPwdCount, 
                                  LockedOut, 
                                  Company, 
                                  Description

$Details | Export-Csv -Path $LockedRpt -NoTypeInformation

August 9, 2018 at 10:17 am

Very cool.  And then I was able to pipe again into Where-Object and only pull out what I needed.  Thank you!

 

$LockedRpt = "c:\work\LockedAccounts.csv"
# delete the existing output file
$exists = Test-Path $LockedRpt
If ($exists -like "True")
{
Remove-Item $LockedRpt
}
Import-module ActiveDirectory -ErrorAction stop

$Details = Search-ADAccount -UsersOnly -LockedOut |
Get-ADUser -Properties DisplayName,
LastlogonDate,
Enabled,
AccountLockoutTime,
LastBadPasswordAttempt,
BadPwdCount,
LockedOut,
Company,
Description | Where-Object {$_.Company -like "*Paul*" -or $_.Description -like "*Paul*" }

$Details | Export-Csv -Path $LockedRpt -NoTypeInformation