Author Posts

June 6, 2018 at 5:16 pm

Hi guys,
I'm working with DataTable.
I'm bringing my data from SQL Server Table, I need to iterate through some rows in the table based on specific criteria and modify records accordingly.
The table has multiple primary key columns.
I know the syntax for one primary key column but not multiple
For simplicity, I have my syntax below
can anyone please tell me how to write the syntax for multiple primary key column?

Here is my script:

[System.Data.DataTable]$dtGL = New-Object System.Data.DataTable("GL")
$dtGL.Columns.Add("Account", "String") | Out-Null
$dtGL.Columns.Add("Property", "String") | Out-Null
$dtGL.Columns.Add("Date", "DateTime") | Out-Null
$dtGL.Columns.Add("Amount", "Decimal") | Out-Null
$dtGL.Rows.Add('00001','1000','1/1/2018','185') | Out-Null 
$dtGL.Rows.Add('00001','1000','1/2/2018','486') | Out-Null
$dtGL.Rows.Add('00001','1001','1/1/2018','694') | Out-Null
$dtGL.Rows.Add('00001', '1001', '1/2/2018', '259') | Out-Null

#Set Primary Key on Columns: Account|Property|Date
[System.Data.DataColumn[]] $KeyColumn = New-Object System.Data.DataColumn[3]
$KeyColumn[0] = $dtGL.Columns["Account"]
$KeyColumn[1] = $dtGL.Columns["Property"]
$KeyColumn[2] = $dtGL.Columns["Date"]
$dtGL.PrimaryKey = $KeyColumn 

If you run it on your end you should get the same error that I'm getting:

New-Object : Cannot find type [System.Data.DataColumn[3]]: verify that the assembly containing this type is loaded.
At C:\Users\jabou-ghannam\OneDrive – Island Hospitality\Island Hospitality\PowerShell\Begining PowerShell Scripting for Developers\Working With
DataTable.ps1:28 char:41
+ ... .Data.DataColumn[]] $KeyColumn = New-Object System.Data.DataColumn[3]
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+ CategoryInfo : InvalidType: (:) [New-Object], PSArgumentException
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : TypeNotFound,Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.NewObjectCommand

June 6, 2018 at 5:38 pm

So... you're -really- just using .NET, here, not PowerShell per se. might net you a happier answer :).

Perusing, it would appear you can pass an array.

June 6, 2018 at 5:53 pm

Found the answer after multiple trial and error 🙂

[System.Data.DataColumn[]]$KeyColumn = ($dtGL.Columns["Account"],$dtGL.Columns["Property"],$dtGL.Columns["Date"])
$dtGL.PrimaryKey = $KeyColumn 

But now I need to query the datatable and I know how to do it in .NET, I just can't figure out how to do it in Powershell 🙁

[String[]]$RowsToFind = '00001', '1001', '01/01/2018'
$FoundRows = $dtGL.Rows.Find($RowsToFind)


I'm getting the following error

Exception calling "Find" with "1" argument(s): "Expecting 3 value(s) for the key being indexed, but received 1 value(s)."
At C:\Users\myuser\OneDrive - mycompany\companyname\PowerShell\Samples\Working With DataTable.ps1:38 char:1
+ $FoundRows = $dtGL.Rows.Find($RowsToFind)
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo          : NotSpecified: (:) [], MethodInvocationException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : ArgumentException

June 6, 2018 at 6:00 pm

I mean, as I'm reading it, that should work.

I might have done:

$RowsToFind = @('00001', '1001', '01/01/2018')

Instead. That's how you'd normally do an array in PowerShell. At least how I'd do it. But if it's not working, then I dunno. You might ping Robert Cain since you're watching his course :).

June 6, 2018 at 6:14 pm

Thanks Don
For what it's worth I watched your courses too on Pluralsight 🙂

I posted my question on Stackoverflow


June 6, 2018 at 6:50 pm

$FoundRows = $dtGL.Rows.Find(@('00001', '1001', '01/01/2018'))
$FoundRows |Out-GridView
I had to pass it this way
It did work Don 🙂

thank you so much

June 6, 2018 at 7:06 pm

how do I mark your answer as an "answer"?

June 6, 2018 at 7:14 pm

The forums don't offer that.